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European Court of Human Rights

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Not to be confused with the European Court of Justice, the highest court of the European Union.

European Court of Human Rights
Established 1959 (initially) 1998 (permanent)
Country 47 member states of the Council of Europe
Location Strasbourg, France
Authorized by European Convention on Human Rights
Decisions are appealed to Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights
Number of positions 47 judges. One from each of the 47 member states of the Council of Europe
Website http://echr.coe.int
President
Currently Dean Spielmann
Since 2004 (judge), 2012 (President)
Jurist term ends

Building of the European Court of Human Rights

The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR; French: Cour européenne des droits de l’homme) is a supra-national or international court established by the European Convention on Human Rights. It hears applications alleging that a contracting state has breached one or more of the human rights provisions concerning civil and political rights set out in the Convention and its protocols. An application can be lodged by an individual, a group of individuals or one or more of the other contracting states, and, besides judgements, the Court can also issue advisory opinions. The Convention was adopted within the context of the Council of Europe, and all of its 47 member states are contracting parties to the Convention. The Court is based in Strasbourg, France.

Contents [hide] · 1 History and structure o 1.1 Protocol no.14 reforms · 2 Judges · 3 Plenary court and administration · 4 Jurisdiction o 4.1 Applications by individuals o 4.2 Inter-state cases o 4.3 Advisory opinion · 5 Procedure and decisions · 6 Relationship with other courts o 6.1 The European Court of Justice o 6.2 National courts · 7 Criticism · 8 Architecture · 9 See also · 10 References · 11 External links

Date: 2015-02-16; view: 182


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