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UNIT 87. All/all of most/most of no/none of etc.

all some any most much/many little/few

A. You can use the words in the box (and also no) with a noun (some food/few books etc.):

* All cars have wheels.

* Some cars can go faster than others.

* (on a notice) NO CARS (= no cars allowed)

* Many people drive too fast.

* I don't go out very often. I'm at home most days.

You cannot say 'all of cars', 'most of people' etc. (see also Section B):

* Some people are very unfriendly. (not 'some of people')

Note that we say most (not 'the most'):

* Most tourists don't visit this part of the town. (not 'the most tourists')

B. Some of .../most of .../none of ... etc.

You can use the words in the box (also none and half) with of. You can say some of (the people), most of (my friends), none of (this money) etc.

We use some of, most of (etc.) + the/this/that/these/those/my/his/Ann's... etc.

So we say:

some of the people, some of those people (but not 'some of people')

most of my friends, most of Ann's friends (but not 'most of friends')

none of this money, none of their money (but not 'none of money')

For example:

* Some of the people I work with are very friendly.

* None of this money is mine.

* Have you read any of these books?

* I wasn't well yesterday. I spent most of the day in bed.

You don't need of after all or half. So you can say:

* All my friends live in London. or All of my friends ...

* Half this money is mine. or Half of this money ...

See also Section C.

Compare all ... and all (of) the ...:

* All flowers are beautiful. (= all flowers in general)

* All (of) the flowers in this garden are beautiful. (= a particular group of flowers)

 

C. You can use all of/some of/none of etc. + it/us/you/them:

* 'How many of these people do you know?' 'None of them.' /'A few of them.'

* Do any of you want to come to a party tonight?

* 'Do you like this music?' 'Some of it. Not all of it.'

Before it/us/you/them you need of after all and half (all of, half of):

all of us (not 'all us') half of them (not 'half them')

D. You can use the words in the box (and also none) alone, without a noun:

* Some cars have four doors and some have two.

* A few of the shops were open but most (of them) were closed.

* Half (of) this money Is mine, and half (of it) is yours. (not 'the half')

 

 

EXERCISES

87.1 Put in of where necessary. Leave an empty space H if the sentence is already complete.

1. All - cars have wheels.

2. None _of_ this money is mine.

3. Some --- people get angry very easily.

4. Some --- the people I met at the party were very interesting.

5. I have lived in London most --- my life.

6. Many --- people watch too much TV.

7. Are any --- those letters for me?

8. Most --- days I get up before 7 o'clock.

9. Jim thinks that all --- museums are boring.

87.2 Choose from the list and complete the sentences. Use of (some of/most of etc.) where necessary.

accidents ears her friends the people I invited birds my dinner the houses the population these books European countries her opinions my spare time



1. I haven't read many _of these books._

2. All cars have wheels.

3. I spend most --- gardening.

4. It's a historic town. Many --- are over 400 years old.

5. Many --- are caused by bad driving.

6. When she got married, she kept it a secret. She didn't tell any ---.

7. Not many people live in the north of the country. Most --- live in the south,

8. Not all --- can fly. For example, the penguin can't fly.

9. None --- to the party could come, so I cancelled it.

10. Julia and I have very different ideas. I don't agree with many ---.

11. Sarah travels a lot. She has been to most ---.

12. I had no appetite. I could only eat half ---.

87.3 Complete the sentences using the words in brackets. Sometimes no other words are necessary. Sometimes you need the or of the.

1. I wasn't well yesterday. I spent _most of the day_ in bed. (most/day)

2. _Some cars_ can go faster than others. (some/cars)

3. --- drive too fast. (many/people)

4. --- you took on holiday were very good. (some/photographs)

5. --- learn more quickly than others. (some/people)

6. We've eaten --- we bought. There's very little left. (most/food)

7. Have you spent --- you borrowed? (all)money)

8. Peter can't stop talking. He talks ---. (all/time)

9. We had a lazy holiday. We spent --- on the beach. (most/time)

10. George is easy to get on with --- like him. (most/people)

11. The exam was difficult. I could only answer ---. (half/questions)

87.4 Complete the sentences. Use all/some/none + it/them/us (all of it/some of them etc.).

1. These books are all Jane's. None of them belong to me.

2. 'How many of these books have you read? --- Every one.'

3. We all got wet in the rain because --- had an umbrella.

4. Some of this money is yours and --- is mine.

5. I asked some people for directions but --- were able to help me.

6. She made up the whole story from beginning to end --- was true.

7. Not all the tourists in the group were Spanish --- were French.

8. I watched most of the film but not ---.

 

 


Date: 2015-02-03; view: 301


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