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Will, would, shall and should

A Will and would for predictions

We can use will for a prediction (see Unit 25C).

It's midnight, and Sarah is still working. She'll he tired tomorrow. We're going to Cornwall for the weekend. ~ Thafll he nice. Wait a minute while I send this e-mail. It won't take long.

We use would for a past prediction or a prediction about a possible situation.
Past: At midnight Sarah was still working. She would be tired the next day.

Possible: How about going to Cornwall next weekend? ~ That would be nice. I wouldn't enjoy a camping holiday.

We can use shall instead of will, and should instead of would, but only in the first person, after I and we,

I will/shall be twenty-five in June.

We would/should like to meet your family. But not My-friend- should- like ... Shall and should are a little formal here.

B Would like

We can use would like, usually shortened to 'd like, when we ask for something.

I'd like a brochure, please. We'd like to order our drinks first. This is a more polite way of saying / want a brochure, for example.

We also use would like in offers and invitations.

Would you like a free gift? Would you like to visit the museum with us?

C Decisions and refusals

We can use will for an instant decision or for an offer.
Decision: Tea or coffee? ~ I'll have coffee, please, (see Unit 23B)
Offer: I'll wait for you if you like. ~ Oh, thanks. I won't be long.

We use won't and wouldn't for a refusal.

The strikers won't go back to work until they get a pay increase.

The key went in the lock, but it wouldn't turn. I won't... is a strong refusal.

/ won't listen to any more of this nonsense.

D Shall and should

We use Shall I ...? in offers and Shall we ...? in suggestions.
Offer: Shall I wait for you? ~ Oh, thanks. I won't be long.

Suggestion: Shall we go to the park? ~ Good idea. We also use shall to ask for a suggestion. What shall we have for lunch?

We use either shall or should to ask for advice.

I'm in terrible trouble. What shall/should I do? We use should to say what is the best thing or the right thing to do.

People should exercise regularly.

You shouldn't spend all your money as soon as you've earned it.

23 Will and shall 49 Should 51 Suggestions, offers and invitations


52 Exercises

1 Will and would (A-B)

Complete the conversation. Put in will, won't, would or wouldn't.

Emma: We (►) won't be here next September. It's hard to believe, isn't it?

In a few months our student days (1)......................... ……….be over.

Matthew: It (2)……………………be long now. I wish I had a job.

Then 1(3)………………know where I was going.

Emma: Who knows what the future (4).................................................... bring?

Matthew: Why don't we get married, Emma? Then at least we (5)………………….be together.

Emma: I don't think so, Matthew. It (6)…………………be a good idea.

Matthew: I couldn't live without you, Emma.

Emma: I really (7)………………. like to believe you, Matthew.

2 Some other uses of will and would (B-C)



Complete the conversations. Put in will, won't, would or wouldn't with these verbs: eat, give, go, help, let, like, open, stand

► Vicky: Have you noticed how thin Jessica has got?

Rachel: She's on a diet. She won't eat anything except carrots.

1 Harriet: Mike and I……………..you get everything ready.
Mike: Yes, we're quite willing to lend a hand.

2 Laura: You're late. I thought you were going to leave work early today.
Trevor: Sorry. The boss..................................................... me go.

3 Mark: Sarah and I ................................................. you a lift, Mike.

Sarah: Yes, we're going your way.

4 Harriet: I heard Rita has quarrelled with her boyfriend.
Melanie: That's right. If he's invited to the party, she..............................

5 Vicky: I've had enough of table tennis for one day.

Rachel: OK. Maybe Daniel.................................................... a game with me.

6 Trevor: What's wrong with the washing-machine?
Laura: When I tried to use it earlier, the door.....................................

7 Mike: This lamp is always falling over.
Harriet: It ......................................... up properly.

3 Will, would, shall and should (A-D)

What would you say? Use will, would, shall or should.

► Offer to make the tea.
Shall I make the tea ?

1 Suggest going to the swimming-pool.

2 Refuse to take any risks.

3 Say politely that you want a shower.

4 Tell someone it's best they don't decide in a hurry.

5 Predict the end of the world in the year 3000.



Date: 2014-12-22; view: 233


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