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Table 1 – The organism consumption of energy during various kinds of activities.

¹   Kind of activity Energy consumption, kcal/hour
Sleep
Personal hygiene, cooking and eating
Sitting rest
Tidying up at home
Reading and attending
Work on a computer
Standing conversation
Sitting conversation
Easy – tempered walk, to 4 km an hour
Driving
Different kinds of physical work depending on the intensity 200 - 500

 

¹ Kind of activity Duration, hour Energy consumption, kcal Total energy consumption, kcal
Sleep    
Morning toilet        
Breakfast        
Way to the work        
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
Total 24 hours        

Table 3 –Compound and caloricity of food stuff

  Product Compound % Caloricity (calories/100 grams)
proteins and nitric substances fats carbohydrates mineral salts
Low-fat beef 20,5 2,0   1,2
Fatty beef 18,4 21,4   1,0
Low-fat pork 20,1 6,6 - 1,1
Fatty pork 14,5 37,3 - 0,7
Mutton 16,4 31,1   0,9
Fowl 19,8 5,1 1,1 1,1
Eggs 12,5 12,1 0,7 1,1
Liver 19,4 4,6 2,1 1,6
Brain 9,0 9,3 - 1,1
Lard 11,0 68,4 - 4,8
Sausage 14,1 15,0 4,0 2,8
Boiled sausage 12,8 13,7 - 3,3
Black spawn 26,0 16,3 - 4,3
Carp 20,4 1,5 - 1,3
Herring 18,4 14,5 - 13,9
Fresh milk 3,4 3,7 4,9 0,7
Condense milk 10,5 10,1 51,0 2,0
Cream   3,0 22,6 4,3 0,6
Sour cream 4,3 26,2 1,7 0,5
Cheese   25,8 31,5 2,4 6,1
Low-fat cheese 14,6 0,6 1,2 1,2
Butter 1,1 86,6 0,6 1,2
Semolina 9,4 0,9 75,9 0,4
Buckwheat 12,9 2,8 64,7 2,1
Rice 8,1 1,3 75,5 1,0
Rye bread 7,8 0,7 43,7 1,6
White bread 6,8 0,5 57,8 0,9
Spaghetti 10,9 0,6 75,5 0,6
Green peas 25,8 3,8 53,0 2,9
Potatoes 2,1 0,2 19,6 1,0
Carrot   1,2 0,3 9,1 1,0
Cabbage   1,8 0,2 5,0 1,2
Cucumbers   1,1 0,1 2,2 0,5
Salad   1,6 0,2 2,4 0,9
Tomatoes   0,9 0,2 4,0 0,6
White mushrooms   5,4 0,4 5,1 0,9
Apples   0,4 - 12,1 0,4
Grapes   1,0 - 15,2 0,5
Raisin(s)   2,5 0,6 69,7 1,7
Apricots   1,2 - 11,0 0,6
Oil   - 99,5 - -
Nuts   13,8 48,2 10,7 1,4
Sugar   - - 99,5 0,4
Honey   - - 79,9 0,2
Chocolate   22,2 22,2 63,4 2,3

Table 4 – A counting table of nutrition caloricity



¹ Products Weight, gr Caloricity Contents, gr
100 hr Total proteins fats carbohydrates
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               

 

Table 5 - Radioactive contamination of the products

¹     The name of product   Quantity kg. Contamination 137Cs   Contamination 137Cs
  (Bc/kg) (Sum in total, Bc) (Bc/kg) (Sum in total, Bc)
Meat and meat prod.      
Fish and fish products      
Milk      
Cheese      
Sour-cream      
Tough cheese      
Eggs   6/øò.   2/øò.  
Butter      
Oil      
Sugar      
Bread      
Potatoes      
Vegetables      
Fresh fruits      
Dried fruits      
Water      
Total            

 

Seminar 4. Main ecology laws and their connections with natural and social laws.

Purpose: Formation of scientific experience and realizing the necessity of obeying the basic laws of the nature in all kinds of human`s activities.

Task: Learn analyzing interconnections in natural and social phenomena and processes.

 

Seminar 5. World`s experience in solving ecological problems.

Purpose: Generalize the world`s experience of environment`s protection.

Task: Gather the whole information of this topic.

 

Seminar 6. The human is a creator. The role of creative work in the human`s life. Professional dangers, connected with the chosen speciality.

Purpose: Learn how to express your minds, to give reasons and to persist your opinions during discussions.

Task: Get acquainted with the main the main dangers, connected with professional creativity.

Seminar 7. The evaluation of dangerous and hazardous factors for human life.

 

Purpose: Realize the term Acceptable Risk; to identify, evaluate, and eliminate or control hazards so that the risks deriving from those hazards are acceptable.

Tasks: On grounds of a sociological approach to find out the statistical estimation of the evaluation of dangerous and hazardous factors for human life.

 

That premise is supported by this theory: If there are no hazards, if there is no potential for harm, risks of injury or damage cannot arise.

The term acceptable risk is becoming the norm. The more frequent use over time of the term acceptable risk in standards and guidelines is notable.

Students are offered 25 factors listed in Table 1 to assess the danger of life in Ukraine: the most dangerous factor (according to the student) – estimated at 25 points, and then – 24, 23, 22 and to the last, which is considered to be the least dangerous – at 1 point.

Clearly, having quite a different life experience, students in different ways evaluate the danger of a factor, so the obtained results should be statistically processed. For each factor one counts the number of points that he identified, this amount is divided by the number of surveyed students; the obtained value is an average rating of danger or another factor: the larger it is, the more dangerous factor is. The average score of every factor of danger is counted with help of this formula:

-individual students’ rates for every factor;

n – the number of questioned students.

If we assume that the listed factors cover all the hazards to human life, we can assess the relative share (percentagewise) of each factor by total number of undesirable consequences with the help of the formula:

The results are to be tabulated.

Summarizing, it must be said that the accuracy of such an assessment increases with the number of respondents, and depends on profession, age and sex.

The forecast of the possible increase of a lifetime on condition that we eliminate certain causes of death, allows us to detect dangerous factors for our life. According to the forecast of scientists the eliminate of major cardiovascular and renal diseases will increase our lifetime by 10.9 years, heart disease – by 5.9 years, malignancies – by 2.3 years, accidents (except car accidents) – by 0.6 of a year, automobile accidents – by 0.6 of a year, infectious diseases – by 0.2 of a year, and T.B. – by 0.1 of a year .

 


Date: 2015-01-29; view: 285


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