Who, what or which?
A What or which?
We can use what or which before a noun.
What sport do you play? Which way do we go here?
What books do you read? Which finger did you break?
We use what when there is a wide choice of We use which when there is a limited number of
possible answers. We ask What sport? because possible answers. We ask Which way? because
there are lots of different sports. there are only two or three ways to go.
What sport? Which way?
(Tennis or golf or football or hockey or ... ?) (Right or left?)
After which we sometimes say the possible answers.
Which cafe did you go to, Snoopy's, the Coffee Pot or the Tea Gardens?
Which phone shall I use, this one or the one in the office? Sometimes what and which are both possible.
What day/Which day is your evening class? What train/Which train will you catch?
What platform/Which platform does the train go from? What part/Which part of Italy are you from?
B Patterns with who, what and which
We can use who, what and which without a noun.
Who sent the fax? What do you think of our plan? Which is quicker, the bus or the train? We can use what and which before a noun, but not who.
Which secretary sent the fax? not
We can use which with one or ones, or with of.
You can have a photo. Which one would you like?
You can have some of the photos. Which ones would you like?
Which of these photos would you like? But we cannot use who or what before of.
Which of the secretaries? but not
Who-of the secretaries?
Who always means a person.
Who did you see? (a person) What usually means a thing. It can mean a person only when it comes before a noun.
What did you see? (a thing) What doctor/What film did you see? (a person or a thing) Which can mean a person or a thing.
Which doctor/film did you see? (a person or a thing)
102 One and ones
1 What or which? (A)
The questions you are asking have a number of possible answers.
If the list of answers is incomplete, ask a question with what. If the list is complete, use which.
? (Do you play the piano, or the violin, or the guitar, or ...?)
What musical instrument do you play ?
? (Did you go to the Little Theatre or the Theatre Royal?)
Which theatre did you go to ?
1 (Did you take the morning flight or the afternoon flight?)
2 (Did you stay at the Grand Hotel or the Bristol?)
3 (Do you like classical music, or jazz, or rock music, or ...?)
4 (Did you buy 'Time' magazine, or 'Newsweek', or a computer magazine, or ...?)
5 (Do you work for EuroChemicals, or ICM, or SenCo, or ...?)
6 (Are you learning English, or Spanish, or Arabic, or Japanese, or ...?)
2 What or which? (A)
Rita is moving into a new flat. Trevor has come to see the flat and help her move in. Complete his questions. Put in what or which. ► Trevor: What number is this building? Rita: Forty-two.
1 Trevor: I didn't realize there were only three floors
.. .. floor is your flat on?
Rita: The first floor.
2 Trevor: It's a very nice flat.............................. room will be your living-room?
Rita: This one here, I thought.
3 Trevor: ....................... colour are you going to paint it?
Rita: Oh, I don't know yet.
4 Trevor: ........................ time is your furniture arriving?
Rita: Three o'clock, they said.
5 Trevor: I'll need some petrol.............................. way is the nearest petrol station?
Rita: Turn left at the end of the street.
3 Who, what or which? (B)
Detectives Wilson and Taylor are looking into the murder of Lord Weybridge at his country house. Put in who, what or which.
Wilson: (►) Which of the guests in this house is the murderer, do you think, Taylor?
Taylor: I don't know yet. (1)
.. had the opportunity? (2)
of the guests had the
chance to do it?
.. happened after dinner last night? That's what we have to find out.
Taylor: There must be a motive for the murder. (4)
motive could the murderer have?
Wilson: Love or money - they're the usual motives. (5)
of them is it, I wonder?
did Lord Weybridge leave his money to? That's the question, Wilson.
TEST 8 Questions (Units 34-39)
Put the words in the right order and ask the question. ► everyone / is / ready Is everyone ready ?
1 been / have / where / you
2 do / postcards / sell / you
3 belong / calculator / does / this / to / who
4 are / here / how / long / staying / you
5 is / like / new / office / what / your
6 are / flights / full / of / the / which
7 carnival / does / start / the / time / what
8 decided / has / holiday / Nancy / on / what
Put in the correct question word or phrase.
► What did you buy? ~ A box of chocolates.
is this building? ~ It's about two hundred years old.
does your team play in? ~ Red.
.bag are you carrying? ~ Judy's.
money do you earn? ~ About £250 a week.
hand do you write with? ~ My right hand.
.of shop do you work in? ~ A toy shop.
..first stepped on the moon? ~ Neil Armstrong, wasn't it?
..is your mother? ~ She's much better, thank you.
is it to the post office? ~ About two hundred metres.
do you take a holiday? ~ Once a year.
..name will you give the baby? ~ We haven't thought of one yet.
Write the sentences correctly.
Would-like-you:to go sailing? Would you like to go sailing?
Do you be-a student here?
How many-cakes have eaten you?
Enjoyed-you your walk?
Where your-friends have gone?
What kind of music-do-you like?
Does- Peter plays tennis?
About what are you-talking?
What has it happened?
Read about each situation and write down the question.
? You want to know if it is raining.
Is it raining ?
? You need to ask Polly where she lives.
Where do you live?
1 You would like to ask Nancy where she bought her coat.
2 You want to ask Susan if Amy can swim.
3 You want to ask Simon which band he likes best.
4 On the phone you want to know who you are speaking to.
5 You need to know how much video recorders cost.
6 You are asking permission to come in.
7 You need to find out how long the journey takes.
8 You want to ask Adrian what he locked the door for.
9 You want to ask what happens next.
10 You want to suggest that you all go out together.
Write the questions to which the underlined words are the answers.
► Christopher is going to London by train.
How is Christopher going to London ?
1 The Smiths have got three cars.
2 Janet works at the supermarket.
3 Andrea is learning English because she will need it in her job.
4 The film was really romantic.
5 The meeting will take place next Tuesday.
6 Tessa switched off the computer.
7 Mr lohnson's burglar alarm was ringing.
8 Anna went to the dance with Martin.
Date: 2014-12-22; view: 260