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When I get there, before you leave, etc


 

A Introduction

Mark: Did I tell you I've got a meeting in Glasgow

at nine o'clock tomorrow morning? I'm

driving up there overnight. Sarah: You're going to drive all through the night?

You're crazy. You'll be exhausted before you

arrive. Why don't you take a train? Mark: I'll be OK. I'll need the car while I'm there.

I have to visit some companies in the area. I

can sleep when I get home.

Study these examples.

You'll be exhausted before you arrive, not before you'll arrive

I'll need the car while I'm there, not while I'll be there

I can sleep when I get home, not when-I'll get-home

Each of the sentences has a linking word of time, e.g. before, while or when. The sentences are about the future, about Mark's trip to Glasgow. But after the linking words we use the present simple (arrive, am, get), not will

We can start the sentence with a linking word. When I get home, I can sleep.

B Linking words

We use the present simple for the future after these linking words of time: after, as, as soon as, before, by the time, until, when, while.

I'm starting a job in sales after I finish college. As soon as you hear any news, will you let me know? I must get to the bank before it closes.

They'll have stopped serving meals by the time we get to the restaurant. We also use the present simple for the future after if (see Unit 144). If you come in late tonight, please don't make a noise.

C Present perfect

After a linking word of time, we can often use the present perfect for the future.

I'm starting a job in sales after I've finished college.

As soon as you've heard any news, will you let me know? Compare after I finish college (see B). The meaning is the same.

But sometimes there is a difference in meaning between the present simple and the present perfect. When I see the report, I'll make some notes. (I'll do both at the same time.) When I've seen the report, I'll make some notes. (I'll see it and then make notes.)

D Present continuous

We can also use the present continuous for the future, especially after when and while. When I'm boating along the canal next week, I might be able to relax. Mark is going to listen to music while he's driving to Scotland.

26 Present tenses for arrangements and timetables


27 Exercises

1 When I gat there, before you leave, etc (A-B)

Comment on the situations. Start each sentence with when and the present simple.

► Claire: I have to call at the travel agency. I'm going to get some holiday brochures.
When Claire calls at the travel agency, she's going to get some holiday brochures.

1 Mark: I want to see the boss. I'm going to discuss my problem.

2 Rachel: I'm going to use the computer later. I'm going to send an e-mail.

3 Tom: I'm visiting David in hospital. I'm going to tell him about United's win.

4 Matthew: I'll be in town tomorrow. I might buy some new trainers.

2 When I get there, before you leave, etc (A-B)

Mark and Sarah are continuing the conversation in 27A. Put in the verbs. Use will or the present simple. Sarah: If (►) you take (you / take) a train, (►) it'll be (it / be) much more comfortable. If



(1) ..................................... (you / need) a car, you can hire one when

(2)………………………………..(you / get) to Glasgow.

Mark: If (3)…………………………….. (I / hire) a car, (4)…………………………….. (it / be) too

complicated. I'd rather take my own.

Sarah: It's too dangerous. You might fall asleep on the motorway.
Mark: I won't fall asleep. I can play loud music. Anyway, (5)……………………………… (I / get) there

much quicker when (6)................... ………………….. (there / be) no traffic on the road. As soon as

(7)……………………… (I / arrive), (8)…………………………………. (I / ring) you, I promise.

Sarah: (9)…………………………….. (I / be) worried until (10)…………………………… (I/hear) from

you. But don't ring before (11)…………………………….. (I / be) awake in the morning.

Mark: (12)…………………………(I / lie) down for a couple of hours before

(13)………………………………. (I/go).

Sarah: Good idea. (14)……………………………… (you / be) exhausted tomorrow if

(15)………………………(you / not / get) some sleep this evening.

3 Present perfect and continuous (C-D)

loin each pair of sentences using the word in brackets.

? You can apply for a better job soon. But you need to have more experience first, (when)
You can apply for a better job when you've had more experience.

? I'm going to listen to this tape. I'll be travelling on the motorway tomorrow, (as)
I'm going to listen to this tape as I'm travelling on the motorway tomorrow.

 

1 You shouldn't decide now. You need to think about it first, (until)

2 I'll think of you next week. I'll be lying on the beach, (when)

3 We can leave in a minute. I need to pay the bill first, (as soon as)

4 We can discuss it later. We'll be sitting on the plane together, (while)

5 You can use the computer in a minute. I'll have finished with it soon, (when)


TEST 6 The future with will, be going to and present tenses (Units 23-27)

Test 6A

Put in the missing words. Use one word only in each space.

► I don't want a steak. I think I'll have the chicken.

1 There's a fireworks display tomorrow. Janet is........................... to watch it.

2 We're at that table in the corner............................................... you join us?

3 I'm seeing the boss this afternoon. But I must study this report before I ………………………….. her.

4 There will be drinks at the reception, but there will ...................................... be any food.

5 The European heads of state are………………………….. meet in Brussels on 3 October.

6 It's a lovely day............................................. we go for a walk?

7 My birthday ......................................... ona Sunday next year.

8 My brother is engaged. He's ............................................. married in June.

9 You won't be allowed to go to your seat after the play................. …………. started.

10 Martin's got his coat on. I think he's........................................... to go out.

Test 6B

Write the sentences correctly.

► I'm hungry. I think I-have-something- to-eat.
I think I'll have something to eat.

1 You say you're getting a coach at nine. What time is it getting-to-London?

2 I'll give Polly the news. I'll tell her when I'll see her this evening.

3 Rupert looks really tired. He's about -felling-asleep.

4 We've arranged to go out. We meet in town-later.

5 I'm going to Spain next week. I-send-you-a-postcard.

6 I'm going to get to the airport early. I can-read-a book--while I'll be waiting.

7 I feel a bit tired, I go to lie-down.

8 Why not come to the party? All your-friends-shall be there.

9 There's been a bomb warning. No one can go into the-building until-the-police-will-have searched-it,

Test 6C

Read the news report and write the missing words. Use one word only in each space.

The Maxi-Shop company is (►) going to build a huge new shopping centre on the edge of Millingham, it

was announced yesterday. There (1)................................... be at least three hundred shops, including

some big department stores. When the project (2)…………………………… complete, there

(3) be hundreds of new jobs for local people. But not everyone is happy. 'We're

(4) to fight this plan,' said a spokesperson for the local Environment Group.'|us


think what is going (5)…………………………….. happen to our countryside. When shopping malls

(6)…………………………….. covered the whole country, there (7)………………………………. be no green

fields left. So we're (8)………………………………. a protest meeting tomorrow evening at the town hall. It

(9)…………………………….. at half past seven.' Owners of shops in the town centre are also unhappy. 'The

new centre (10)……………………. take our customers away,' said one of them.

Test 6D

Look at the answers below and write the correct answer in each space.

► A: Let's go to the carnival, shall we?
B: Yes, good idea. I expect it'll be fun.
a) it'll be b) it's c) it's being

1 A: Could I have a word with you, please?

B: Sorry, I'm in a big hurry. My train................................................................ in fifteen minutes.

a) is going to leave b) leaves c) will leave

2 A: Have you decided about the course?

B: Yes, I decided last weekend..................................................... for a place.

a) I apply b) I am to apply c) I'm going to apply

3 A: I'm trying to move this cupboard, but it's very heavy.
B: Well, ............................................. you, then.

a) I help b) I'll help c) I'm going to help

4 A: Is the shop open yet?

B: No, but there's someone inside. I think .................................................................

a) it opens b) it's about to open c) it will open

5 A: Do you mind not leaving your papers all over the table?
B: Oh, sorry. I'll take them all with me when ..................

a) I go b) I'll go c) I'm going

6 A: It's a public holiday next Monday.

B: Yes, I know............................................................. anything special?

a) Are you doing b) Do you do c) Will you do

Test 6E

Write the sentences using a future form of the verb. Use the word in brackets.

► Express your instant decision to take a taxi. (I'll)
/'// take a taxi.

1 Express your intention to have a rest, (going)

2 Express the idea that the timetable shows the start of term on 6 September, (starts)

3 Predict a world war in five years' time, (there)

4 Express the idea that you and ludy have arranged a game of tennis for tomorrow, (playing)

5 Give your prediction of a probable fall in prices, (probably)

6 Warn your passenger about the car crashing, (going)



Date: 2014-12-22; view: 326


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